Cyprus has about 78 new head and neck cancer cases every year, the Pancyprian Association of Cancer Patients and Friends (Pasykaf) said on Monday, World Head and Neck Cancer Day, which is marked annually on July 27.
Most of them occur in the laryngeal area, and men are affected more than women, with a ratio ranging from 2:1 to 4:1, the association said.
“The main risk factors associated with the pathogenesis of head and neck cancer are smoking, alcohol consumption, infections with various viruses, such as HPV (human papillomavirus) and EBV (Epstain-Barr virus),” it added.
According to the announcement, cancer of the head and neck can have a variety of symptoms such as persistent hoarseness or change in tone of voice, difficulty or pain in swallowing, persistent pain in the ear, nosebleeds, and persistent nasal obstruction.
People with such symptoms should visit their doctor for further examinations.
Head and neck cancer is a term used to define cancer that develops in the mouth, throat, nose, salivary glands, oral cancers, or other areas of the head and neck.
Worldwide, there are an estimated 550,000 cases and 380,000 deaths due to this type of cancer.
Pasykaf invites people who would like to contribute to improving the quality of life of laryngeal cancer patients to join the group of laryngectomy patients it has created and the program ‘Prevention and management of Head and Neck Cancer.’